NOTE: Please read the updates at the bottom for latest information and testing
My 21TB drivepool was hosted on my work computer/NAS, but running this consumes 120W idle and about 160W when transcoding a video.
My current Kodi installation is running on a Gigabyte Brix BXBT-1900 (See link for build details)
As the NAS would need to run near my router I have decided to combine the 2 projects, as the BRIX does have quite a whinny fan (I have sensitive ears). And the Kodi 3D MVC build is very stable now (thanks to the work by afedchin).
If you love 3D TV, please read and sign LG 3D TV Petition (opens in new window).
- Asrock J4205-ITX Motherboard
- I chose this board as it has 4 x SATA, 4K60 and hardware 10 bit HEVC, and a TDP of 10W.
- Fractal Design Node 304 Case
- Small case that handles 6 x 3.5
- SilverStone SST-ST30SF v 1.0; Strider SFX Bronze 300W
- Most silent PSU were >£100, but the fan on this PSU does not switch on until 55C is reached, whick for a NAS and Media Player will probably be never.
- SilverStone SST-PP08 SFX to ATX PSU Converter – Black
- The PSU does come with a SFX to ATX converter, but this one allows the PSU to rest on the bottom of the case like a full size ATX PSU.
- Crucial 8 GB Kit (4 GB x 2) DDR3L 1866 MT/s (PC3L-12800) SODIMM 204-Pin Memory
- This is from the 1866Mhz ASRock supported memory list (£40 from Amazon Warehouse, works fine), recommendation changed see update below.
- Syba SATA III 4 Port PCI-e x1 Controller Card with Low Profile Brackets
- I already own the PCI-e x2 model and it worked well, this give an extra 4 SATA ports from the 1 available PCIe x1 slot.
- Akasa 2×2.5 PCI/PCIe Mounting Bracket
- All the 6 bays used up, this allowed me to mount the OS SSD Drive and my Drivepool cache drive.
Windows 10 pro (as needed remote desktop), £21 from http://softwaregeeks.co.uk
I use Stablebit Drivepool, which cost $29. I already had this setup on my old server. It does not change the format of the disks and can create duplicated folders. Transferring was easy, installed the 6 drives from my old computer plugged them in and the pooled drive appeared.
My first problem is the computer would only boot with one stick of memory, I solved this by downclocking the memory to 1600 (from 1866), a future BIOS update may allow me to up the clock speed again.
The Akasa 2×2.5″ PCI/PCIe Mounting Bracket allowed me to mount the OS SSD and Drivepool SSD cache drive.
The computer without the drives is absolutely silent, not even any coil noise from the PSU. A different story once the drives were in, but only the drive being used stays on. I need to find which drive is making the noise, at the moment I think it may be an old Samsung 204UI as the rest are either WD Reds or Greens (confirmed was the Samsung).
UPDATE: It was the Samsung and replaced with a 4TB 2.5 Hard drive from a Seagate portable drive removed from its case, works fine and power usage dropped and a lot quieter.
With the NAS idle the power usage is 18W, and 38W with all drives spinning, this drops after five minutes as the drives not being used power down.
At the moment I cannot get HD audio pass through or 3D MVC.
I have switched to PCM transcoding so I still get lossless audio, as to the 3D, I switch to Side by Side and press the 3D button on the TV, as the TV is 4K I still get the 1080p picture, just not as convenient as hardware based MVC which auto switches the TV.
Take a look at Intel Apollo Lake forum, there are quite a few people with this issue, but it may take a graphics/audio driver update from Intel to fix.
Workaround for 3D and HD Audio Passthough on HDMI 2.0
Install the Realtek Audio driver on the motherboard driver disk
Get a DVI to HDMI (Female) adaptor, and plug your current HDMI cable into this.
This bypasses the DP-HDMI 2.0 chip effectly downgrading to HDMI 1.4b, you cannot get 4K 60Hz 10bit, but you can get:
4K 30hz (desktop and Kodi)
HD audio passthrough (DVI to HDMI Receiver)
3D MVC even with Kodi and Desktop in 4K (it auto switches to 1080p 3D 24Hz on my LG TV)
NVidia and ATI graphics have been able to pass audio through DVI connector for quite a while, I have the Realtek audio driver installed from the Asrock Disk, and the audio is still through ‘WASAPI – Intel Display Audio’ in Kodi.
Update 12 Feb 17: Got round to installing the ASRock beta bios 1.20D date 10 Jan 17 with description ‘Modify vBIOS setting for HDMI display’, this does not seem to solve anything for me, still no passthrough sound and 3D not working. You would think ASRock would give a change log so the change can be tested properly or if it is even worth trying. So still using the workaround for the time being.
Update Mar 17: ASrock sent me 1.61 DP to HDMI 2.0 BIOS update now getting audio passthrough, but there is a delay in it starting and audio is sometimes out of sync.
Update Apr 17: Tried the 1.66 DP to HDMI 2.0 BIOS
direct from Intel and the delay in audio starting seems to be fixed, and I have not noticed sync issues. 3D MVC is still broken. I am now using HDMI 2.0 and Preferred 3D mode set to Interlaced, and it plays great on all 3D on my passive 3D TV (for some reason I get juddering on Avatar, maybe bitrate issue?). Firmware no longer on Intel site, see Nov 12 update, download HDMIFwUpgrader(v1.66)
Update May 23: System stable with Corsair CMSX8GX3M2B1866C10 Vengeance 8 GB (2 x 4 GB) DDR3L 1866 Mhz C10 204 Pin SODIMM Module with speed reduced to 1600Mhz, problem is when the BIOS is updated, the memory speed is reset to AUTO, a stick of RAM needs to be removed and the RAM speed reduced back down to 1600, changed recommendation to Crucial 8 GB Kit (4 GB x 2) DDR3L 1866 MT/s (PC3L-12800) SODIMM 204-Pin Memory, this is from the ASRock supported memory list and I managed to pick up for £40 from Amazon Warehouse. Hand on heart I cannot feel any difference between 1600 vs 1866 but probably the Corsair has a lower CL10 compare to Crucial CL13.
Update Aug 20: If you are getting a juddering effect when 3D is playing, make sure you try setting the HDMI input of the TV to PC Mode as that seems to fix it (With my LG OLED TV anyway), Bluray mode seems to add extra processing to the picture which the computer does not like.
Update Nov 12: The 1.72 DP to HDMI firmware direct from Intel does not work with this board, see Asrock J4205-ITX (Apollo Lake) DP to HDMI 2.0 Updating Firmware to 1.61 or 1.66 for Audio Pass-through Issue.
Audio is sometimes unavailable after using Remote Desktop Connection
If Audio is not available (Red Cross in Notification Area), by disabling Intel Display Driver in the Device Manager, then re-enabling the audio it is available again. See Restart Audio Driver after Remote Desktop Use to automatically restart the Driver